The Zodiac, which literally means “circle of animals,” is the name given to the circular zones of the heavens in which the Sun, Moon, and planets have their orbits. The orbits of the planets in the solar system all lie approximately within the same geometric plane.
From any position within the system, all of the celestial bodies appear to move across the face of the same set of constellations. The zodiac is divided into twelve astrological signs associated with the twelve constellations as follows—Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces.
The Zodiac and the Gods Connection
The origin of the zodiac is derived from ancient Mesopotamia. It is from the Gods of this culture that the first twelve-sign zodiacs were named. The Greeks adopted astrology from the Babylonians. The Romans then adopted it from the Greeks.
These people renamed the signs of the Babylonian zodiac in terms of their own mythologies. This is why the zodiac of the contemporary West bears names from Mediterranean mythology. The notion of a twelve-fold division derives from the lunar cycle, which the Moon completes twelve times per year.
Astrology and Angels
Many Judaic beliefs about the correspondences between astrology and angels were derived from Chaldean and Egyptian cultures. The names of many of the angels came from a system that assigned Gods and Goddesses for almost every force in nature. The number of these became so vast in apocryphal literature that Jewish Rabbis believed they posed a threat to Judaic monotheism. Therefore, many of the writings on this topic became suppressed. Due to this, little information regarding the nature of these angels survives today.
Zodiac Signs and Angel Name Correspondences
Aries Zodiac Sign – Angel Malahidael or Machidiel
Taurus Zodiac Sign – Angel Asmodel
Gemini Zodiac Sign – Angel Ambriel
Cancer Zodiac Sign – Angel Muriel
Leo Zodiac Sign – Angel Verchiel
Virgo Zodiac Sign – Angel Hamaliel
Libra Zodiac Sign – Angel Zuriel or Uriel
Scorpio Zodiac Sign – Angel Barbiel
Sagittarius Zodiac Sign – Angel Advachiel or Adnachiel
Capricorn Zodiac Sign – Angel Hanael
Aquarius – Angel Cambiel or Gabriel
Pisces – Angel Barchiel
The Zodiac Signs and Planets Correspondences
Writers that studied both astrology and angelology developed various schemas correlating the two. For example, the Muslim thinker, Al-Barceloni, postulated the following correspondences:
The Moon – Angel Gabriel
The Sun – Archangel Raphael
Mercury – Archangel Michael
Venus – Angel Anael
Mars – Angel Samael
Jupiter – Angel Zadkiel
Saturn – Angel Kafziel
According to the Gnostics, the archons served as evil archangels, and thus, also corresponded to the seven planets. Archons were also related to the seven deadly sins. The correlation is as follows:
The Moon – The Sin of Envy
The Sun – The Sin of Greed
Mercury – The Sin of Falsehood
Venus – The Sin of lust
Mars – The Sin of Wrath
Jupiter – The Sin of Pride
Saturn – The Sin of Sloth
In other correlations, the character of the angel and the nature of the planet occasionally correspond. However, the connection can be frequently tenuous.